- Do existing initiatives, such as innovation centres and city deals, need to be adapted in response to the economic crisis? If yes, what type of change is needed?
RTPI Scotland has welcomed the Regional Economic Partnership and City Region Deals and is of the view that they could, if effectively utilised, provide transformational change in the short, medium and long term for the Scotland. However, this will require the following:
They must look to taking ‘Place-based’ approaches which are increasingly seen as a guiding principle for tackling the complex issues we face in a post COVID-19 world. The Place Principle has been adopted by Scottish Government and COSLA to help overcome organisational and sectoral boundaries, to encourage better collaboration and community involvement, and improve the impact of combined energy, resources and investment. The introduction of the Place Principle further demonstrates the need for local authority services and public agencies to work together and combine their strengths to tackle complex issues.
The role of the Place Principle has been supported by the Infrastructure Commission for Scotland’s “Phase 2: Delivery Findings Report: A blueprint for Scotland” which recommends that Scottish Government should enshrine the use of the Place Principle within planning practice, by end of 2021 and that in the development of National Planning Framework 4. The Report of the Advisory Group on Economic Recovery recommends that “The economic development landscape in Scotland should pivot to a more regionally focused model in order to address the specific new challenges of economic recovery. This model should be tasked to drive delivery of place-based and regional solutions, especially the City-Region Growth Deals.”
Better Integration with the National Planning Framework
The review of the National Planning Framework (NPF) provides a key opportunity integrate strategies for an economically successful, community focused and environmentally sustainable Scotland. The NPF sets out a long-term vision for the development of Scotland. It is described as the spatial expression of the Scottish Government's Economic Strategy - with a focus on supporting sustainable economic growth and the transition to a low carbon economy.
We believe that there needs to be a more formalised connection between City Region Deals and the NPF an opportunity that is potentially being missed with the majority of City Deal proposal documents not currently referencing the NPF.
There must be an enhanced role for the NPF – and planning in general - in setting the context for the future development and implementation of City Region Deals.
Better Integration with other strategies
Beyond unlocking economic growth, with the correct implementation, City Deals and Regional Economic Partnerships should also generate a wide array of social and environmental benefits for the country. To unlock this transformational change, integration and alignment with other national and regional strategies will be essential. These include:
- Strategic planning through emerging regional strategies
- National Planning Framework 4 (NPF4)
- National Transport Strategy
- National Economic Strategy
- National Energy Strategy
- National Marine Plan
- Land Use Strategy
- Historic Environment Strategy
- Fairer Scotland Action Plan
- National Waste Management Plan
- Regional Transport Partnerships
The on-going parliamentary scrutiny of the Planning (Bill) Scotland provides a significant opportunity to help align Regional Planning Partnerships with City Region Deals and better co-ordinate transport and infrastructure planning at a regional level. The transport and energy strategies reviews offer further offer an opportunity to address sectoral and policy silos.
Better Integration with regional planning
If City Region Deals are to provide this transformational change for our communities they need to be part of a strategy that integrates approaches to economic, social and environmental issues. They need to recognise how a range of investments across the region can complement one another and bring mutual benefit. And they need to look beyond the immediate to ensure that investments bring sustainable and lasting benefits in the longer term. They cannot be a list of individual projects and initiatives sitting in isolation
There is a need to ensure future approaches to regional and strategic planning complement and integrate with any new approaches to regional and strategic planning.
Indicative Regional Spatial Strategies - which will cover the whole of Scotland - are currently in preparation so there is a window to ensure that integration takes place.
More Holistic Measure of Success
Currently the measure of the success of investments from City Region Deals is based upon their contribution to GVA. We believe that a more holistic approach is required if the City Region Deals are to deliver transformational change and this must mean that environmental and social benefits are also aimed for.